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Psoriasis is a common skin condition that causes skin redness and irritation. Most people with psoriasis have thick, red skin with flaky, silver-white patches called scales

Causes, incidence, and risk factors

  • Psoriasis is very common. Anyone can get it, but it most commonly begins between ages 15 and 35
  • It is not contagious. You cannot spread it to others
  • Psoriasis seems to be passed down through families. Doctors think it probably occurs when the body's immune system mistakes healthy cells for dangerous substances. See also: Inflammatory response
  • Usually, skin cells grow deep in the skin and rise to the surface about once a month. In persons with psoriasis, this process is too fast. Dead skin cells build up on the skin's surface

The following may trigger an attack of psoriasis or make the condition more difficult to treat

  • Bacteria or viral infections, including strep throat and upper respiratory infections
  • Dry air or dry skin
  • Injury to the skin, including cuts, burns, and insect bites
  • Some medicines, including antimalaria drugs, beta-blockers, and lithium
  • Stress
  • Too little sunlight
  • Too much sunlight (sunburn)
  • Too much alcohol

In general, psoriasis may be severe in people who have a weakened immune system. This may include persons who have:

  • Autoimmune disorders (such as rheumatoid arthritis)
  • Cancer chemotherapy
  • Some people with psoriasis may also have arthritis, a condition known as psoriatic arthritis


  • Psoriasis can appear suddenly or slowly. Many times, it goes away and then comes back again and again
  • Irritated, red, flaky patches of skin
  • Most often seen on the elbows, knees, and middle of the body
  • Red patches may appear anywhere on the body, including the scalp

The skin may be

  • Itchy
  • Dry and covered with silver, flaky skin (scales)
  • Pink-red in color (like the color of salmon)
  • Raised and thick

Other symptoms may include

  • Genital lesions in males
  • Joint pain or aching
  • Nail changes, including thick nails, yellow-brown nails, dents in the nail, and nail lifts off from the skin underneath
  • Severe dandruff on the scalp

Psoriasis may affect any or all parts of the skin. There are five main types of psoriasis

  • Erythrodermic -- The skin redness is very intense and covers a large area
  • Guttate -- Small, pink-red spots appear on the skin
  • Inverse -- Skin redness and irritation occurs in the armpits, groin, and in between overlapping skin
  • Plaque -- Thick, red patches of skin are covered by flaky, silver-white scales. This is the most common type of psoriasis.
  • Pustular -- White blisters are surrounded by red, irritated skin

Homeopathic approach:

One of the most commonly seen cases in our clinic is psoriasis.It is surprising the number of people who are affected by this problem.