- Nail fungus occurs when fungi infect one or more of your nails.It begins as a white or yellow spot under the tip of your finger nail or toe nail. As the infection spreads deeper into your nail,it may cause discolouration,thickening and develop crumbling edges.Nail fungal infection is known as onychomycosis.Nails getting separated from the nail bed because of fungal infection is known as onycholysis
- Fungi are microscopic organisms that don't need sunlight to survive.They live in warm, moist environments, including swimming pools and showers. They can invade your skin through tiny invisible cuts or through a small separation between your nail and nail bed.Infection occurs more in the toenails than in fingernails because toenails are often confined in a dark, warm, moist environment inside your shoes ó where fungi can thrive. Another reason is the diminished blood circulation to the toes as compared with the fingers, which makes it harder for your body's immune system to detect and eliminate the infection.
- Nail fungus is more common among older adults for several reasons, including diminished blood circulation and more years of exposure to fungi. Also, nails may grow more slowly and thicken with age, making them more susceptible to infection. Nail fungus tends to affect men more often than it does women, particularly those with a family history of this infection.People with diabetes,weak immune systems, Leukemia, AIDS or who had an organ transplant should be extremely careful as it may cause severe complications.An infection with nail fungus may be difficult to treat and infections may recur.
- Nail fungal infections can be painful and may cause permanent damage to your nails. They may also lead to other serious infections that can spread beyond your feet.
Symptoms and Signs
- Nails areThickened Brittle,crumbly or ragged
- Distorted in shape
- Dull with no luster or shine
- Dark colour, caused by debris building up under your nail
- Pain in toes or fingertips
- Mild foul odor
Triggers for nail fungus
- Perspiring heavily
- Working in a humid or moist environment
- Wearing socks and shoes that hinder ventilation and don't absorb perspiration
- Walking barefoot in damp public places, such as swimming pools, gyms and shower rooms
- Having athlete's foot (tinea pedis)
- Having a minor skin or nail injury, a damaged nail or another infection
- circulation problems
- weakened immune system
Nail fungus can be controlled successfully with proper care,management and homeopathy.It not only relieves the patient of nail fungus it prevents further spread to other nails.Homeopathic medicines increases the immunity.