Alopecia areata is a condition in which hair is lost in patches from areas of the body, usually from the scalp. In 1%–2% of cases, the condition can spread to the entire scalp (Alopecia totalis) or to the entire epidermis (Alopecia universalis).
- Alopecia areata is not contagious.It occurs more frequently in people who have family members that have been affected by the same condition.
- In addition, it is slightly more likely to occur in people who have relatives with autoimmune diseases.
- The condition is thought to be an autoimmune disorder in which the body attacks its own hair follicles and suppresses or stops hair growth. Environmental triggers such as emotional stress or a pathogen are thought to combine with hereditary factors to cause the condition.
- Initial symptoms are small, soft, bald patches which can take just about any shape but are most usually round.
- It most often affects the scalp and beard but may occur on any hair-bearing part of the body.
- There may be different areas of the body with hair loss and regrowth at the same time.
- The hair tends to fall out over a short period of time, with the loss commonly occurring more on one side of the scalp than the other..
- Most of the patients we get have been suffering with single or multiple patches of hair loss for years and have tried all systems of medication including local steroid injections.
- We have been able to help with the regrowth of hair in their bald patches and also ensure that these patches do not recur.
- We have had fair amount of success in treating alopacea.